Crops In Himachal Pradesh. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. 10. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. Top 10 Agriculture Colleges In Himachal Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. MAIZE PRODUCTION : Maize is the major crop of the state. Himachal Pradesh District FactPage TM: Solan District This two-page report in A-3 paper size format comprises the basic information of a particular district. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal. Home Tags Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. About 93% of the state population depend directly upon agriculture. are traditionally grown by the Himachal farmers in some areas. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. Add your answer and earn points. Orange Farming Information Guide: The following article is about Orange Farming Practices, and Techniques. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Many of these crops, such aKuth, Kala zira, sonth, Colchicum etc. [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. Farmers in Himachal Pradesh are ditching traditional food crops to grow aromatic plants that offer higher and assured returns [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. Kangra, Mandi district and to some extent Paonta valley of Sirmur district are the major producers of wheat, maize, and rice. Agriculture contributes nearly about 45% to the net state domestic product. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. There is lot of demand for off season vegetables grown in the Pradesh and also there is a great export potential. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. Abstract Main purpose of the study is to determine the cost structure, profit margin and returns to scale of foodgrain crops. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Apple growers say rates crashed around mid-September. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. 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