In fact, people who have ever used a tanning bed have a 67 percent increased risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma and a 29 percent increased risk of developing basal cell carcinoma. Set at the centre of our solar system, the Sun’s brilliant light shapes our sense of time, our health and our environment. ... Is a sun tan healthy? Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, 7 Beauty Trends That Are Bad for Your Health, breaks down the natural collagen in the skin, Woman's garden 'stepping stone' turns out to be an ancient Roman artifact, Identical twins don't share 100% of their DNA, An alien machine already visited us, Harvard astrophysicist still contends, New type of ultra-strong chemical bond discovered, Earth is whipping around quicker than it has in a half-century, Jaguar kills another predatory cat in never-before-seen footage. "A tan is a response to DNA damage," says Dr. Barbara Gilchrest, a dermatologist at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. While burning and extreme sun exposure can lead to a slightly increased cancer risk, vitamin D (obtained from sun exposure) has been linked to a lower risk of many other cancers. Discover SUN DROP. ", Even though tans are not safe, that won’t stop many active people from enjoying the outdoors this summer. "Don’t be fooled by cloudy or cooler days,” Dr. Lynch says. A healthy tan from the inside. False. Have you heard of the idea of a base tan? There’s lots to do outdoors, just try to be safe about the way you enjoy it.”. Daneshjou said that to prevent these kinds of problems, dermatologists recommend everyone (light- or dark-skinned) use sunscreen (broad-spectrum products, or clearly marked as protecting against both UV-A and UV-B) year-round. There is no safe amount of tanning. And it shouldn’t. Avoid tanning booths and beds that use damaging ultraviolet light. Having darker skin, however, has been shown to lead to delayed diagnoses in some types of skin cancer. Half an hour to an hour under the sun a day will allow your body to produce adequate melanin to aid you the next time you tan. Yes, many of us love the look of a sun kissed glow, but we all know the dangers of sun exposure, and the truth is, you don’t have to be lying on the beach to come in harm’s way. Many people today go sunbathing and sun tanning chiefly for cosmetic. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Both cause the kind of DNA damage that can lead to skin cancer, but UV-A in particular can contribute to a second problem: It breaks down the natural collagen in the skin, which can lead to premature aging. "People say, 'Oh, I don't spend time in the sun,'" Daneshjou said. 1 doctor answer. Those who have a solid base tan are less likely to get a sunburn if they forget to put on sunscreen due to the protection already on the skin. And both forms of UV light can pierce clouds and cause damage on cloudy days. Dr. Richard Bensinger answered. "Don’t be fooled by cloudy or cooler days,” Dr. Lynch says. Also, be careful of areas where you may be in the shade but UV rays are being reflected towards you. In order to get that tan, you don’t have to stay under the sun for the entire day. © The best way to get a healthy summer glow is to tan in small doses. Daneshjou said people should apply about a shot-glass worth of sunscreen to their bodies when wearing a typical summer outfit. Is it safe to get a "base tan" in the summer? Melanin absorbs UV light and helps protect the skin from burning. "In general, the lighter your skin, the more probable you are to burn,” Dr. Lynch says. Also, be careful of areas where you may be in the shade but UV rays are being reflected towards you. Be especially vigilant in protecting yourself from sun damage between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun is often strongest. Ultraviolet rays are difficult to avoid. Tanning can lead to an increased risk of developing skin cancer, premature ageing and uneven skin pigmentation. UVB rays cause you to tan and burn, and also stimulate the production of Vitamin D. UVA rays are longer in wavelength than UVB and penetrate deeper into your skin; while not burni… People who first use a tanning bed before age 35 increase their risk of melanoma by 75 percent. Also, stay out of the sun for the rest of the holiday to avoid further damage and cover your skin completely with a shirt. Reapply regularly, especially after sweating or getting out of the water. Keep in mind this protection is something like an SPF 3, not an SPF 30 like most sunscreens. Even though tans are not safe, that won’t stop many active people from enjoying the outdoors this summer. It is important to choose wisely what time you decide to go for an outdoor sun-based tan. Getting a spray tan this summer before you take that vacation trip maybe better option if you must have a little summer glow. Honestly, it’s your call. Visit our corporate site. [5 Things You Must Know About Skin Cancer], "There's really no such thing as safe tanning, other than … putting a fake color on your skin," Daneshjou told Live Science. A tan is your body's response to injury caused by the sun. No one's disputing that exposure to sunlight produces vitamin D, "the sunshine vitamin," or that vitamin D isn't important. Drink Sun Drop right after applying the cosmetic product to get your dream tan. The more melanin produced, the darker the tan. But there are steps that may help prevent burns and protect the skin from excessive damage, he says. Tanning beds are not safer than lying out in the sun. Tanning isn't bad for you just because it comes with the risk of burning, which can cause skin cancer. The health risks involved in sun tanning ranges from sunburn, skin cancer, eye damage to premature aging. With summertime comes warm days in the sun, baseball games, barbecues and lazy days at the beach. Without the support structure, she said, skin wrinkles, thins and weakens, taking on a papery appearance. A truck-size shark washed up on a Maine beach. There is no healthy way to get a tan from sunlight, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice). Moderate sun exposure also helps the body produce vitamin D, which has been shown to boost the immune system and promote the growth of healthy cells. Thankfully now there are multitudes of products to achieve tanned looking skin without the need to spend time in the sun. “You can still get burned. You can definitely see the benefits of choosing to get a spray tan over spending huge amounts of time out in the sun… "Collagen is the support structure for the skin," Daneshjou said. Brenner M, Hearing V. Moderate sun exposure also helps the body produce vitamin D, which has been shown to boost the immune system and promote the growth of healthy cells. Maybe we should be thinking that a healthy tan is one you apply from a bottle and not one you acquire by deliberately exposing your skin to radiation. “Melanin, which causes darker skin tones, has a protective effect. But moderate and safe exposure to the sun is healthy, providing necessary vitamin D. Follow this Dr. Oz-approved 3-step plan to getting that sun-kissed (not sun-scorched) glow. The sunscreen should be water resistant and protect against UVA and UVB rays. But too much UV light may do serious damage. It may seem reasonable enough: before you head off to the beach for vacation, getting a tan ahead of time might help you avoid burning, and there’s the added benefit of not looking pale when you first arrive.So does a base tan prevent burning? Topical sunless tanning products are generally considered safe alternatives to sunbathing, as long as they're used as directed. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. We need to re-think our views about suntans. Melanocytes and basal, squamous and Merkel cells. However, the FDA states that DHA shouldn't be inhaled or applied to areas covered by mucous membranes, including the lips, nose or areas around the eyes because the … Dr. Richard Bensinger answered. 51 years experience Ophthalmology. (And people with more melanin in their skin have darker skin tones.). A good base tan does provide a small amount of sun protection, something like an SPF 3. You will receive a verification email shortly. I The Sun Part Two Science Museum. 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