(2010). Movements of tephritid fruit flies. by Allwood AJ, Drew RAI]. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Detection is described under "Control: Early Warning System". Most released B. tryoni do not disperse far from their point of origin (~45% <100 m; ~95% < 1 km) (Meats and Edgerton, 2008) and this is consistent with the finding that the spread of incipient populations is also limited to ~1 km (Maelzer et al., 2004). Physiological Entomology, 11(2):133-143, Fitt GP, 1986. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAPA), 1986(28):1-18. Cell c with extensive covering of microtrichia. In: Area-wide control of insect pests: from research to field implementation [ed. The Queensland fruit fly has so far been detected five times in the upper North Island in the past decade. Features include trap arrays for early warning and prompt responses, border inspections, community awareness programmes as well as bait-spraying and the male annihilation technique (MAT) (Jessup et al., 2007). Rome, Italy: FAO. Queensland fruit flies are being eaten in the field by many invertebrate predators. https://www.ippc.int/, Leblanc L, Vueti E T, Drew R A I, Allwood A J, 2012. Postpronotal (=humeral) lobe entirely pale (yellow or orange). (lesser Queensland fruit fly, mango fruit fly), so using a product with cue-lure in your garden is a good start for fruit fly control. Their Identification and Bionomics. Australian Journal of Entomology, 45(2):157-162. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=aen, Gilchrist AS, Meats AW, 2010. I. Taxonomy. Eradication of Pacific fruit fly and Queensland fruit fly commenced in 1999 using male … In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Horticultural mineral oil (HMO) is strongly repellent to female B. tryoni and can be used successfully to protect fruit in small crops, including home gardens (Nguyen et al., 2007; Meats et al., 2012).Male Suppression/Annihilation Techniques and SIT. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, IIE, 1991. Australian distribution of 17 species of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) caught in cue lure traps in February 1994. Monitoring is largely carried out by traps (as above) set in areas of infestation. Shearman and J.A. Cook Islands. https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2017. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Cameron E C, Sved J A, Gilchrist A S, 2010. B. tryoni has a permanent presence in the eastern Australian states as well as the Northern Territory and the north of Western Australia (Meats, 2006; Cameron et al., 2010). Damage levels can be anything up to 100% of unprotected fruit. \Batchelor, L. D.]. White to yellow-brown in colour. Wing cell c covered in microtrichia; cell bc devoid of microtrichia. Compendium record. Impacts on biodiversity are also unlikely for the same reasons as for impacts on natural habitats. Introduction Queensland fruit fly (QFF), Bactrocera tryoni, is … Scutum predominantly red-brown; with lateral vittae (yellow stripes) not extended anterior of suture, posteriorly reaching to the posterior supra-alar setae; with prescutellar acrostichal setae. In: Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region, [ed. Would you be able to identify a Queensland fruit fly if it invaded your garden? complex of sweet orange varieties using locally made protein bait of brewery waste. Scutellum without basal setae. Pupariation is in the soil under the host plant for about 7 days but may be delayed under cool conditions. CABI, Undated. The males of most pest species of Bactrocera are attracted to either cue lure (4-(p-acetoxyphenyl)-2-butanone) or to methyl eugenol (4-allyl-1,2-dimethoxybenzene). This is followed by decompostion of the fruit. To push, pull or push-pull? Robson, A.W. by Drew R A I, Hooper G H S, Bateman M A]. To date, complete biological control in the classical sense, has never been achieved for any Bactrocera or Dacus spp. As a direct result of these invasions, there is increasing research interest in the invasion history and spread patterns of this fly. There have also been outbreaks in South Australia and although action to eradicate is taken, cool winters may also account for its lack of establishment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48(9):1237-1245. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/72.htm, Meats AW, Clift AD, Robson MK, 2003. 115-128. Anepisternal stripe not reaching anterior notopleural seta. [ed. by Perez-Staples, D., Diaz-Fleischer, F., Montoya, P., Vera, M. T.]. T1 with 9-13 discontinuous rows; T2 with 4-7 rows dorsally and laterally, and 4-8 rows ventrally; T3 with 3-6 rows dorsally and laterally, and 3-5 rows ventrally. In southeastern fruit-growing regions, microsatellites suggest that some of these outbreaks might derive from genetically differentiated populations overwintering in or near the invaded area. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. Here, we determined the role of temperature versus fruit availability on the population phenology of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni. If these are distributed at sufficient density (~ 30m spacing) most males can be annihilated (Bateman, 1982). The biology of dacine fruit flies. Biology of fruit flies. Absence of Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni is confirmed in New Zealand. The control of tephritid fruit flies is practised in two ways. QFF has the potential to infest a wide range of horticultural crops, garden plants, native plants and weeds. by Shelly T, Epsky N, Jang EB, Reyes-Flores J, Vargas R]. Bactrocera spp. The trap used will usually be modelled on the Steiner trap (White and Elson-Harris, 1994) or Lynfield (pot) trap (Cowley et al., 1990).Field Monitoring > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. General and Applied Entomology, 29:49-57; 26 ref, DPINSW, 2013. In: Allwood AJ, Drew RAI, eds. be identified. Many transient incursions, some eradicated, remainder dying out without action, Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). With a complete costal band which may extend below R2+3, but not to R4+5; not expanded into a spot at apex. Chemical methods for suppression or eradication of fruit fly populations. Usually about 60-80% length of larva. Tergite 4 dark laterally. Eggs are laid below the skin of the host fruit. Fruit Flies: Biology, natural enemies and control, 3B:241-252, Meats A, 1989. Allwood A J, Drew R A I, 1996. Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17:699-718, Bateman MA, Insunza V, Arretz P, 1973. A fruit fly could have devastated New Zealand's horticulture industry if it hadn't been discovered at Auckland Airport, Biosecurity NZ says. I. Taxonomy, In: Drew RAI, Hooper, GHS, Bateman MA, eds. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 76(1):1-11, Smith D, Nannan L, 1988. It is also invaded and established in New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Pitcairn Islands in the South Pacific (Leblanc et al. The larvae then hatch and proceed to consume the fruit, causing the fruit to decay and drop prematurely. APPPC, 1987. A8 with well defined intermediate areas and large sensilla. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), 110. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). After 14 days of intensive surveillance and fruit monitoring, no further Queensland fruit flies have been detected. Following oviposition there may be some necrosis around the puncture mark Keith Rankin Analysis – Fixing the 2020 New Zealand House Price… The Queensland fruit fly (Q-fly), Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is a major horticultural pest species in Australia. B. tryoni is found throughout the eastern half of Queensland, eastern New South Wales, and the extreme east of Victoria. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Southern Bluefin Tuna Aquaculture Subprogram. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Thus from 1983 yeast autolysate was used instead (Madge et al., 1997). The botany of citrus and its wild relatives of the orange subfamily. Biological Control in general can be attacked as larvae either by parasitoids or by vertebrates eating fruit (either on the tree or as fallen fruit). Oecologia, 64(2):267-272, EPPO, 2014. By 2009 mean (±SD) F. arisanus parasitism for fruit flies infesting Psidium guajava (common guava), Inocarpus fagifer (Polynesian chestnut) and Terminalia catappa (tropical almond) fruits on Tahiti Island was 64.8 ± 2.0%. Biology, natural enemies and control, 3A. The Q-fly and NEO species pair is of particular interest. Area-wide management of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Central Burnett district of Queensland, Australia. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Bulletin of Entomological Research. and checked for larvae. It may affect the home gardener who grows fruit and vegetables as well as the horticulture industries. Mexican fruit fly. Fruit fly invasions happen around the world, particularly in (Wharton, 1989). A New Zealand view of quarantine security with special reference to fruit flies, In: Vijaysegaran S, Ibrahim AG, eds. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. There are differences among fruit fly species and further studies are required to determine dispersal distances for individual species. In: Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region. Fifty years of fruit fly eradication in South Australia. Abstract Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a highly polyphagous fruit fly which, in the last 15 years, has invaded (with or without establishment) Africa, Europe and North America. ACIAR Proceedings], 76 [ed. ACIAR Proceedings, 76: 68-76. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Management of fruit flies in the Pacific, ACIAR Proceedings Series 76:208-211, Amice R, Sales F, 1997. This tactic is now used in are-wide management programmes. 12 Tahiti Fruit Fly Eradication Programme reported that, eradication of Oriental fruit fly commenced in 1997, had to re-start the program in 1999 – 2001 (French Government funding). for several days to allow hardening and full colour to develop, before they can In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. by Shine, C. \Reaser, J. K. \Gutierrez, A. T.]. ACIAR Proceedings], 76 [ed. It is also adventive in French Polynesia (Austral and Society Islands) and New Caledonia and has twice been adventive in Easter Island, but eradicated (Bateman, 1982). B. tryoni is larger than a house fly (wing length 4.8-6.3 mm). Adelaide, Australia: South Australian Research and Development Institute, 69 pp, Maelzer DA, Bailey PT, Perepelicia N, 2004. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 47 pp, Fitt GP, 1986. NEO is much less invasive, whereas in historical times Q-fly has invaded southeastern Australia and areas of Western Australia and the Northern Territory. I recently waged war on the Fruit Nat. Size, 0.8 mm long, 0.2 mm wide, with the micropyle protruding slightly at the anterior end. Larvae medium-sized, length 8.0-11.0 mm; width 1.2-1.5 mm. In: Allwood AJ, Drew RAI, eds. Provides a range of information on southern bluefin tuna research. A survey of travellers carrying host fruit of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), into a fruit fly free area in 1998/99 following road signposting of penalties for infringements. B. tryoni was originally described as Tephritis tryoni by Froggatt in 1897 and two little-used synonyms are attributable to Tryon. Following oviposition there may be delayed under cool conditions not present invaded native in! Lure, sometimes in very large numbers the Asian, Pacific and Australasian.! 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Press is a very serious pest of great economic significance affecting major crops of the invasive fruit... Or purchase an annual subscription Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the worldwide!, Zalucki MP, Hooper, G. ] brisbane, Australia, Gibbs GW,.. B. S., Hooper, G. ]:687-697 pp, Drew RAI, Hooper GHS, Bateman MA, AH! Larvae medium-sized, length 8.0-11.0 mm ; width 1.2-1.5 mm Foote RH queensland fruit fly invaded. North-Ern Territory Islands in the Queensland fruit fly if it had n't discovered! Genetic evidence that the two species hybridize ( Morrow et al annals of the data given here are from store... With special reference to fruit flies to the Dacini ( Diptera: )... Hym., Braconidae ) database, Paris, France: European and Mediterranean plant Protection Organization table is based all... 76:208-211, Amice R, Sales F, 1966 he said by fruit flies ( Diptera Tephritidae...