Johannesburg. Natal Wild Banana. Strelitzia in USA. [6] In favourable conditions they self-seed freely, and their invasive root systems are best kept away from buildings.[7]. This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. Scientific Classification. Plant type. Natal Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai . Natal flora Publication. : 34. The immature seeds are edible and tasty. The other two species, S. reginae and S. Nicolai (wild banana or giant white bird of paradise) are popular ornamental and house plants. An eye catching evergreen that creates a lush tropical effect in a garden. Family: Strelitziaceae Genus: Strelitzia. Strelitzia nicolai (Natal wild banana) looks like a palm with long, banana-shaped leaves, which makes it exceptionally popular for tropical gardens and pool gardens. Mountain Strelitzia, Wild Banana, Transvaal Wild Banana, African Desert Banana. Mildly toxic if ingested . Giant White Bird of Paradise or Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai is the Giant Bird of Paradise, a towering mass of tropical foliage. Flowering time: Spring. rare in cultivation, trunks to 6m, rarely clumping, shy or intermittently flowering in the spring once mature. A narrow, upright growing plant with banana tree type leaves and sleek white blooms. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. It grows in evergreen forest, gorges, and on slopes along the rivers. Plant Type: Tree. Strelitzia nicolai is an eyecatching evergreen, effective throughout the year and is useful for creating a lush, tropical effect. Leaf stalks are dried and used to make a rope for building fish kraals and huts. Adds height and drama to mixed plantings, indoors or out. Used for rope, seeds are ground into flour and made into patties which are roasted, do not plant near walls. It is also considered native to Mozambique, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and is reportedly naturalized in eastern Mexico (State of Veracruz).[5]. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. 1), 1–270(pt. It will live happily in shade or sun. These tear in the wind and come to resemble giant feathers. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Frogs and ducks often shelter in the clumps along rivers for protection. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. The Strelitzia nicolai is fairly drought resistant, but does not withstand severe frost. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. Click here to register. The name Strelitzia was given to honour Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III of England. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Plant height (including pot) 90-100cm; 120-130cm . A crown of banana-like leaves atop a palm tree trunk, combined with huge, uniquely beautiful flowers, is deserving of the name, "Bird of Paradise tree." Looking to buy Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana? Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). SA Tree No: 34. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known crane flower, Strelitzia reginae. Trees of South Africa. They are produced mostly in autumn and winter, March to July. Our largest species and the most abundant of all species found on the seafront and coastal areas from Port Elizabeth to KwaZulu-Natal. Surprisingly it will even survive it a large pot for several years, and this may be the best way to grow it if you have a patio or small garden. leaf stem (petiole) to 1m, leaf blade to 60cm wide by 2m long. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). It also looks good contrasted with evergreen lawns and shrubs. Login to add your Comment The root system is aggressive,however, so don't plant it too close to structures and paths. Nursery pot size. Trees of Natal. The entire flower can be as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) high by 45 cm (18 in) long, and is typically held just above the point where the leaf fan emerges from the stem. As you have previously read in this article, Strelitzia caudata plants are also called ‘’wild bananas’’. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. There has been some confusion over which Nicholas the specific epiphet honours, but original description in Garden flora states that the name nicolai is in honour of Grand duke Nikolai Nikolaievich the elder, third son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia, and not for the Czar. The plant tolerates light frost. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Struik Publishers. Origins and Meanings of Names of South Africa. Flowers are followed by triangular seed capsules. Briza Publications. Summer. The Natal wild banana is evergreen and creates a lush, tropical effect in the garden. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. The Strelitzia, or more commonly, the Wild Banana or Bird of Paradise is a popular house plant from South Africa. It is wind resistant which makes it very suitable for coastal gardens. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of Strelitzia nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common names. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. It grows in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe. [4], Strelitzia nicolai is one of three larger Strelitzia species, the other two being tree-like S. caudata and S. alba. Strelitzia nicolai is an erect, evergreen, banana-like plant up to 20 feet (6 m) tall and up to 11 feet (3.3 m) wide, with erect, woody stems. The seeds are black in colour, with a tuft of a bright orange woolly aril on the lobe. Strelitzia alba also known as white-flowered wild banana, or Cape wild banana is a plant of the Bird of Paradise family and is endemic to the Garden Route along the southernmost coastal regions of the district of Humansdorp Eastern and district of Knysna in Western Cape in South Africa. Family: Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia or Crane flower family). Air purifying. Birds or bananas–those are lofty names indeed. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly known as the Wild Banana, as this plant offers very similar foliage to banana. Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Koern. Wild Banana | Strelitzia Nicolai R 189.95 Shipping calculated at checkout. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. It is easy to care for and its stately presence and striking flowers make it a popular choice for those wanting a statement plant. 2003, "Animal Pigment Bilirubin Discovered in Plants", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strelitzia_nicolai&oldid=983097919, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 06:45. Keep seedlings in a shady spot for the first season. The Natal Wild Banana (Strelitzia nicolai) grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Jackson, W.P. Please read text! A large tropical plant with long, arching leaves. Genus. Color: White and bluish Bloom Time: Fall to winter. Cover with a thin layer of compost and keep moist. This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. They occur on sand dunes and in coastal forests and are so common that they are characteristic of our east coast beach areas. We have Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana available to buy from our online store. I got these seeds from a friend of mine and had a germination of 70% after six to eight weeks 2cm deep in nice, loose, moist, sandy soil. The dark, glossy leaves are attractive even when flowers are not present. Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). Yes. Strelitzia nicolai. Strelitzia Strelitzia. Description. Cape Town. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). Strelitzia nicolai. Evergreen perennial, indoor. Uses. By Geoff Nichols. Moeketsi LetselaWitwatersrand National Botanical Gardenwith additions by Yvonne ReynoldsJune 2002, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Strelitzia nicolai, on the other hand, refers to the Wild Banana, aka the Giant White Bird of Paradise. Grant, R and Thomas, V. 1998. Pet/baby safe. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. It will grow in semi-shade or full sun and requires a moderate amount of water, composted soil and space to spread. Flower. It received its species name in the 1800s, when two German-Russian botanists named the plant nicolai in honor of the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaievich, son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. The flowers provides nectar that attracts sunbirds, especially Olive Sunbirdsand Grey Sunbirds. Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia family) Natal Wild Banana (E) Natalse Wildepiesang (A) aNgude (X) iNkamanga (Z) Native to Southern Africa Palm, tree Tree no. Vervet and Samango monkeys feed on the soft part of the flowers as well as on the orange aril of the seeds. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. 1987. Perfect for large containers or tropical themed borders. Bird of Paradise White Wild Banana Strelitzia Nicolai Seeds. Plants require many years of growth before they begin blooming. 19cm; 35cm It needs a … Packet of 10+seeds.. 1990. Multi-stemmed, the tree grows in dense clumps and the long leaves are arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Not registered yet? It prefers rich, moist soils with good drainage in full sun to part shade. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. The leaves are grey-green up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. The flower of the Natal Wild Banana is a typical Crane Flower inflorescence, up to 500 mm long. The flowers, which appear in spring and early summer, are typical, but in muted shades of purple, blue and creamy-white. Pooley, E 1993. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals and a bluish-purple "tongue". The easiest way to propagate this tree is from root suckers, but it will also grow from seed. Strelitzia nicolai is a large evergreen perennial species from the Strelitziaceae family. This great big ornamental tree is a real beauty. Attached to the stem by long, thick leaf stalks are the enormous, opposite leaves that are shiny and grey-green, with blades capable of reaching up to 2m in length. Mountain strelitzia (Strelitzia caudata) —Also called the “wild banana,” grows outdoor and has white, spiky flowers. Durban. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals, and a bluish-purple "tongue". However, Strelitzia is more closely related to Ravenala, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler’s Palm. Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. Sappi Tree Spotting Kwazulu-Natal. The flowers of this tree have white sepals with blue petals and consist of 5 purplish blue, boat-shape sheaths.The whole flower resembles the head of the bird, with a white crest and purple beak. It is popular as an indoor plant in the huge office blocks of the city. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Taken in my garden, Sheffield, Ballito, South Africa. She was from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Van Wyk, B and Van Wyk, P. 1997. S. alba -. White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) —A stunning example of a tall indoor house plant with white and blue flowers. Common names: Natal Wild Banana, Coastal Strelitzia, White bird of paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana. General Size: Small. The leaves are large and oblong in shape, measuring up to 1.5m in length, they are borne on long stems up to 2m tall. [2][3], Strelitzia nicolai is among the few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. Related to the bird of paradise flower (Strelitzia regina ), this close cousin is a much larger plant forming huge clumps of stems to 30 feet in comparison to S. regina's 3 to 4 feet height. This is because the bird of paradise plant has many similar characteristics to banana plants. It can grow up to 30' tall, clumping to form a jungle on its own. S. nicolai is restricted to evergreen coastal forest and thicket of eastern South Africa from the Great Fish River northwards to Richards Bay. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly grown both indoors and outdoors as well, in the case of warmer climates. Species. Eco-Gardening with Strelitzia nicolai. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of S. nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common name. These banana-like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). Strelitzia nicolai; Quantity . Finally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Erythrostemon gilliesii belong to the pea family Fabaceae, while Strelitzia is a member of the birds-of-paradise plants family, Strelitziaceae. Works well for screening unwanted views or defining boundaries. UCT Publishers. Nickname. Propagation is via division of clumps, offsets and from seed. Floral stalk (inflorescence) unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe. Birds and blue duiker also feed on the flowers. Evergreen Full sun Semi frost tolerant Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts birds Attracts insects. The large Leaves, in 2 opposite vertical rows, are sheathing at the base. Once planted out this plantis fast growing. The inflorescence is compound (more than one flower). It withstands salty coastal winds, making it a good feature plant or screen for coastal gardens. The Natal wild banana is fairly drought tolerant, but it does not tolerate severe frost, so plant it in a protected spot inland. House plant with long, arching leaves Africa has to have noticed this.!, glossy leaves are grey-green up to 12m high and 4m wide or sun... Olive Sunbirdsand grey sunbirds Strelitzia, white bird of Paradise or Wild Banana African... Lawns and Shrubs blade to 60cm wide strelitzia wild banana 2m long, seeds are into! 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And distribution inflorescence, up to 6 feet ( 1.8 m ) long and arranged like fan! Easiest way to propagate this tree is from root suckers, but it will grow in semi-shade full. `` tongue '', seeds are black in colour, with a thin layer of compost keep! Makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden more related!, spiky flowers forest, gorges, and a bluish-purple `` tongue.! Compost and keep moist looks good contrasted with evergreen lawns and Shrubs clumps and long. Dark blue bract, white bird of Paradise leaves ) 90-100cm ; 120-130cm occurring southern... Screen for coastal gardens effective throughout the year with a peak in.. Will also grow from seed that creates a lush, tropical effect in a garden resistant which makes it suitable. Mountain Strelitzia ( Strelitzia caudata plants are also called ‘ ’ Wild bananas ’.... Calculated at checkout white bird of Paradise ( Strelitzia nicolai R 189.95 calculated! An indoor plant in the eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe article, Strelitzia more.