The young scholars were sent to a mountain temple, where they read books on a vast array of subjects that included astronomy, medicine, geography, history, the art of war, and religion. Sejong the Great (May 7, 1397–April 8, 1450) was king of Korea during the Choson Kingdom (1392–1910). When Sejong was 12 years old, his father named him Grand Prince Chungnyeong. This first Joseon experiment in Confucian-style primogeniture did not last long, however. Sejong's face appears on the largest denomination of South Korea's currency, the 10,000 won bill. Just one year into his reign in May 1419, King Sejong dispatched the Gihae Eastern Expedition to the seas off Korea's east coast. Kenneth Bae is a Korean-American pastor who was sentenced to 15 years hard labour by North Korea. He was the second son of King Sukjong. King Taejong had always been an effective military strategist and leader and continued to guide Joseon military planning for the first four years of Sejong's reign. [3] When Queen Min came back, she had Lady Seon-yeong banished from the royal palace as she discovered the court lady wearing Gojong’s clothing at the age of 32 in 1885. During the mid-1860s, the Heungseon Daewongun was the main proponent of isolationism and the instrument of the persecution of native and foreign Catholics, a policy that led directly to the French invasion and the United States expedition to Korea in 1871. With the signing of its first unequal treaty, Korea became easy prey for many imperialistic powers, and later the treaty led to Korea being annexed by Japan.[2]. [7][8], Since the seat of the empress was vacant, Gojong wanted to make Imperial Noble Consort Sunheon his empress, but this was opposed by Lee Jun-yong and Korean refugees who created a movement to stop the action, in which they succeeded. He succeeded his grandfather King Yeongjo (r. 1724–1776) and succeeded by his son King … For example, he encouraged the improvement of a moveable metal type for printing first used in Korea by 1234, at least 215 years before Johannes Gutenberg introduced his groundbreaking printing press, as well as the development of the sturdier mulberry-fiber paper. On 4 December 1884, five revolutionaries initiated the Gapsin Coup, an attempted coup d'état, by leading a small anti-old minister army, attempting to detain King Gojong and Queen Min. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. The King of Fighters (Korean Movie); 구마적; Gumajeok; There was Goo Ma Jeok before there was Kim Doo Han. Kim Tak Goo is the eldest son of Goo In Jong, the president of Geosung Enterprise, a legend in the baking industry. Following the Protectorate Treaty of 1905 between Korea and Japan, which stripped Korea of its rights as an independent nation, Gojong sent representatives to the Hague Peace Convention of 1907 in order to try to re-assert his sovereignty over Korea. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. After defeating the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05), however, Japan formally annexed the Korean Peninsula as a colony in 1910. When Japan invaded Korea to attack the Ming Empire, he was installed as Crown Prince. In 1400, the Second Strife of Princes broke out when Yi Bang-won and his brother Yi Bang-gan began to fight. His death and subsequent funeral proved a catalyst for the March First Movement for Korean independence from Japanese rule. Sejong, King of Korea, 1397-1450 Title ; Close. He instituted han'gul, the Korean script. Her whole name is Eom Seon-yeong (엄선영), daughter of Eom Jin-sam (엄진삼) and Jeung Chan-jeong (증찬정). Gojong (Korean: 고종; Hanja: 高宗; RR: Gojong; MR: Kojong), the Emperor Gwangmu (Korean: 광무제; Hanja: 光武帝; RR: Gwangmuje; MR: Kwangmuje; 8 September 1852 – 21 January 1919), was the last king of Joseon and the first Emperor of Korea. He made various attempts to reform and improve the nation of Korea. Gojong took the Joseon throne in early 1864 when still a child. King Sejong is best known for the creation of Hangul (한글), which is the Korean writing system. According to Confucian principles, the eldest son—named Prince Yangnyeong—should have been the heir to the Joseon throne. These armies were preceded by the Donghak movement and succeeded by various Korean independence movements. One representative warned forebodingly of Japanese ambitions in Asia: "The United States does not realize what Japan's policy in the Far East is and what it portends for the American people. Sukjong of Joseon (7 October 1661 – 12 July 1720) was the 19th king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea from 1674 to 1720. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. The grieving King Taejo was horrified that his sons were turning on each other in what became known as the First Strife of Princes, so he named his second son, Yi Bang-gwa, as the heir apparent and then abdicated the throne in 1398. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. He promoted cultural, economic and scientific research. The Japanese minister to Korea, Miura Gorō orchestrated the plot against her. - 1869); married Jo Kyeong-ho of the, Younger sister: Lady Yi of the Jeonju Yi clan (이씨, 李氏) (? This effectively ended Korea's historic subordination to the Qing empire which Korea had acknowledged since the fall of the Ming Dynasty, King Gojong took the title of Gwangmu Emperor, and became the first imperial head of state and hereditary sovereign of the Empire of Korea. Gojong died suddenly on 21 January 1919 at Deoksugung Palace at the age of 66. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Despite the plot change a little, still follows very faithful to the real story. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Sinopsis King of Mask Singer. But behind this flawless appearance, hides a deep wound. It seems likely that his experience with princely strife and his willingness to execute troublesome family members helped encourage his first two sons to step aside without a murmur and allow King Taejong's third and favorite son to become King Sejong. Books that Sejong sponsored included a history of the Goryeo Kingdom, a compilation of filial deeds (model actions for followers of Confucius to emulate), farming guides meant to help farmers improve production, and others. In 1398 while King Taejo was mourning the loss of his wife, the scholar hatched a conspiracy to kill off all of the king's sons besides the crown prince in order to secure Yi Bang-seok's position (and his own). He executed a number of his own supporters if they became too powerful, including all of his wife Wong-gyeong's brothers, as well as Prince Chungnyeong's (later King Sejong's) father-in-law and brothers-in-law. King Sejong announced the creation of this alphabet in 1446 and encouraged all of his subjects to learn and use it: Initially, King Sejong faced a backlash from the scholar elite, who felt the new system was vulgar (and who likely did not want women and peasants to be literate). Alternative Title: Yi H’ui. Only the crown princes that didn't become the king were listed; the former year indicates when one officially became the heir and the latter one is that when one died/deposed. Social Networks and Archival Context. A group of Japanese agents entered the Gyeongbokgung in Seoul, which was under guard by Korean troops sympathetic to the Japanese, and the Queen was killed in the palace. Some relatives of Heungseon Daewongun and members of the Southerner faction plotted a coup. Ri Kong. The court lady’s position was changed to Seoin. This angered Heungseon Daewongun, who was exiled from the court. The title given to the biological father, who never reigned, of the kings who were adopted as the heir to a precedent king. Gojong's seventh son. In September 12th(July 25th in the lunar calendar) of 1898, the emperor was the target of an assassination attempt by interpreter Kim hong-ryuk(金鴻陸) who lost his political power through the Korea royal refuge at the Russian legation, by poisoning the coffee of the emperor and the prince with opium.[10]. King Sejong's health began to decline even as his accomplishments mounted. He only lived for 105 days (about 3 months, 2 weeks, 1 day). There he proclaimed the founding of the Empire of Korea, officially redesignated the national title as such, and declared a new era name Gwangmu (Hangul: 광무, Hanja: 光武) (meaning, "shining and martial"). During the Korean Empire, he was posthumously named as "Prince Wan" (완친왕). The old army, which was primarily armed with swords, spears, and old matchlocks, eventually revolted as a result of their mediocre wages and loss of prestige, and the Heungseon Daewongun was restored to power. 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